In order to strengthen the efforts against combating and countering terrorism, the United Nations adopted a Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy in September 2006, which came to be known as a global instrument intended to counter terror at the national, regional and international level.
The Strategy, in the form of a resolution (A/RES/60/288) and an annexed Plan of Action comprised of four pillars:
- Pillar I: which explained the conditions conducive to the spread of terrorism;
- Pillar two: among others, included measures to prevent and combat terrorism, like enforcing border controls and combating the financing of terrorism;
- Pillar three: focused on measures to build states’ capacity to prevent and combat terrorism and also to strengthen the United Nations system in this regard;
- Pillar IV: laid emphasis on the need to respect human rights and the rule of law as the fundamental basis of any counter terrorism effort, underscoring the importance attached to victims of terrorism by member states and recognizing that without the participation of victims, terrorism cannot be comprehensively defeated.